*Originally Posted by ***Arjun3315**

1) I am 100% sure, you have no idea about PR equations. Just analysis your self, The are using inbound links and outbound links to calculate PR. If PR is not flow to external link, then Why PR equation using outbound links to calculate? and why they need to use how many pages is linked to that page?, Just because PR is flow, and that's why they are using convergence to calculate PR for each webpage after so many iteration method.

Page Rank...
No where in this equation are outbound links from the site, PR is being calculated for, are included in the calculation !!!

Now lets just plug in some values... lets say its a new site and has no links. if "d" is some number between 0 and 1, then 0 < d < 1 then a new page at most can have a page rank of .99 which is less than 1, so it is said it has a PR of 0.
*Originally Posted by ***Arjun3315**

3) I am 100% sure, you have only few ideas about PR sculpting, you have never think, Why PR sculpting comes? Because Most of webmaster use nofollow tag on trusted links, to keep PR flow on own website, so Google think, if webmaster doing this continuously, then how can we know, that page is trusted or not, because webmaster want to keep PR flow on own website by adding nofollow tag on external link, hence they change it's algorithm, and they write post. If you add nofollow tag on trusted links or any type of links, then your PR will sculpt, i.e. Assume your webpage has 5 PR, and you have mention 5 links on that, and out of 5, you add 1 link with nofollow tag, then we did not pass more than 1PR to each page, we will pass only 1 PR to each page, we simply avoid your nofollow tag, when we calculate PR. So that is another evidence that PR is flow from one webpage to another.

Here sir you are just plain wrong....the only part of your statement in this instance that is correct is,
agrees : perfect reply